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P8 -Adding Pagination to ViewSets

Lets see how to add pagination to viewset. As will all other things in django, this is super easy

Assuming you have already done the the tutorial P6 – Django – Viewsets it is possible that we might need pagination on some of the rest calls. So we may have a lot of data on the server and sending it all at once back to the client may not be required and may not be the efficient way to handle the data. The client on the other hand might need only a handful of data and would not want all the data which will become difficult to process. So Lets see how do we set up pagination on view sets.

lets take example of rest services which returns “Ads” and it may have thousands of ads. At any point of time the client will need only a handful of them to process. So the client must be able to pass the rest service some parameter identifying the page number it desires.

For our example. We create a file and add below content.

from rest_framework.pagination import PageNumberPagination

class PaginationMeta(PageNumberPagination):
    page_size = 10
    page_size_query_param = 'page_size'
    max_page_size = 10000

Here we have set three parameters. One is the “page_size” which means the amount of data the server will send if requested with page number i.e with parameter “page” . The next is “page_size_query_param” which can be used if want a specified number of records to be retrieved and override the page_size. “max_page_size” which is the max page size for our request.

The next step is to set this class in our viewset as below.

from django.shortcuts import render
from .models import Ads
from .serializers import AdsSerializer
from rest_framework import viewsets
from .pagination import PaginationMeta
# Create your views here.

class AdsView(viewsets.ModelViewSet):
    queryset = Ads.objects.all()
    serializer_class = AdsSerializer
    pagination_class = PaginationMeta

Here we set the pagination_class to the PaginationMeta we created. And this is all we will have to do to set up pagination. I am providing other classes required for this example.

from django.db import models

# Create your models here.

class Ads(models.Model):
    category = models.CharField(max_length=50)
    city= models.CharField(max_length=50)
    email = models.CharField(max_length=50)
    brand = models.CharField(max_length=50)
    make = models.CharField(max_length=50)
    capacity = models.CharField(max_length=50)
    desc = models.CharField(max_length=150)
    price = models.FloatField(max_length=20)
from rest_framework import serializers
from .models import Ads

class AdsSerializer(serializers.ModelSerializer):
    class Meta:
        model = Ads
        fields = ['id','category', 'city','email','brand','make','capacity','price','desc']
from rest_framework.routers import DefaultRouter
from . import views
from django.urls import path, include

router = DefaultRouter()
router.register('ads', views.AdsView)

urlpatterns = [
    path('', include(router.urls))

Now we have set the url pattern for our views to “/ads” so to access the views so a call to http://localhost:8000/api/ads/ will return the first page as below.

Content-Type: application/json
Vary: Accept

    "count": 17,
    "next": "http://localhost:8000/api/ads/?page=2",
    "previous": null,
    "results": [
            "id": 1,
            "category": "Cars & MotorCycles",
            "city": "Pune",
            "email": "",
            "brand": "MARUTI",
            "make": "Brezza",
            "capacity": "1.2",
            "price": 123213.0,
            "desc": "dadsadsad"
            "id": 2,
            "category": "Cars & MotorCycles",
            "city": "Pune",
            "email": "",
            "brand": "HYUNDAI",
            "make": "I20",
            "capacity": "1.2",
            "price": 34324234.0,
            "desc": "asdsadsads"
            "id": 3,
            "category": "Cars & MotorCycles",
            "city": "Pune",
            "email": "",
            "brand": "MARUTI",
            "make": "Brezza",
            "capacity": "1.2",
            "price": 122132.0,
            "desc": "sadsadad"

As you can see, it has returned with the first page and also various others attributes to navigate to next page. We can jump to any page we wish by providing the page parameter to the url e.g. http://localhost:8000/api/ads/?page=4

Please let us know if you liked this post and if it helped you. Thank you for spending time reading my post.


P6 – Django – Viewsets


Django also provide a more higher level of abstraction for the model and the views called as ViewSets. This abstractions allows developer to concentrate on the modelling and the state rather than url construction. It is very slightly different than the view creating view classes but with viewsets we have to write less code and it makes more sense as lot of the repetative code is abstracted and we can choose to overwrite if required.

Step 1

Lets continue from where we left and create a new model known as User in file and execute makemigrations and migrate command to create this new model.

Once the model is created run the command “python makemigrations” and then “python migrate

Step 2

Similar to previous tutorials, we create a standard serializer

Step 3

Now lets create a new viewset for User model as below by extending the ModelViewSet Class.

remember with class based views, we had to create view classes for list views and the model view. But here we are creating only one viewset class.

Step 4

Update the file as below. Notice that we just have to register the viewset to router and all the urls configuration will be abstracted for us and will be handled by the Router. So this has reduced our code of creating list view and also creating a different url patterns

Step 5

Now lets test and see it in action. So this should serve our purpose for time being. We will look at different scenarios and ways to handle in the next tutorial